by students or fellow teachers and dismissed. Hitler routinely disregarded the Concordat, closing all Catholic institutions whose functions were not strictly religious. Many chose to stay in continental Europe. Hindenburg died on Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the offices and powers of the Chancellery and Presidency. New York: Ronald Press. Müller resigned and Hitler appointed Hanns Kerrl as Minister for Church Affairs to continue efforts to control Protestantism. The Third Reich in Power. Stuttgart: Steiner, Franz Verlag. By 1939, over two-thirds of the newspapers and magazines were directly owned by the Propaganda Ministry.